Net landing should be in line with the sharing of economic trends, not repression, but leveraging-g227

Network about cars landing should be consistent with the economic trend is not to suppress the share instead of leveraging [Abstract] the day before, Lanzhou, Ji’nan, Beijing, that will be introduced than "network booking taxi service management procedures" (hereinafter referred to as "Interim Measures") regulations more stringent, such as total control, government regulation and other preferential pricing this has led to the question of public opinion. The day before, Lanzhou, Ji’nan, Beijing, that will be introduced than "network booking taxi service management procedures" (hereinafter referred to as "Interim Measures") regulations more stringent, such as total control, government regulation pricing priority, this brings the question of public opinion. Recently, in the "net about car policy seminar", from the Research Institute of China University of Political Science and Law Dean Wang Jingbo, the government under the rule of law of East China University of politics and Government Legal Research Institute president Zhang Zhiyuan and other industry experts, put forward opinions on the policy direction of the local government. Wang Jingbo is not the reason of social contradictions is highly regulated frankly, as the local government to understand the "Interim Measures" in the spirit, and the spirit of understanding, innovation and regulation, to further standardize the development of network about cars, while the share economy is to represent the general trend, comprehensive knowledge sharing the development trend of economy, this is a big trend the trend of economic and social development, is not to transfer any of the will of the people, not to transfer any of the will of the country, it is a tide of world economy, no one does not predict future what direction." Historically, reform is not easy, but it will follow the tide. Professor of economics, National Development Research Institute of Peking University Zhou Qiren had previously held the seminar, carriage and steam car example, appeared in Britain in 1820 the first steam car, the automobile impact carriage business, triggered protests, some local government regulations can not open car than the carriage soon. A lot of data records, was seen as the carriage car with great scourges, vicious language with the new monster demonized. The newspaper has been published describing car explosion scenes of the comic, to frighten people don’t take the car; carriage shop owner of car guts, often encouraging children to throw some of the car; the British aristocracy manipulated parliament passed the statute of automobile discrimination. At that time, fierce social contradictions broke out among different classes. But in the end, the trend of social development will be left behind, the car instead of the carriage, become the main means of human transport on land. Now, in many places the government for the interpretation of landing policy, there are similar to hundreds of years ago "Prejudice", Wang Jingbo said, "any economic transition will inevitably lead to social conflicts, social conflicts should not be highly regulated reason." From the car to the operation supervision direction about the price on quantity, on models, even on the driver of the household registration, many local governments in advance disclosure regulations are involved, which is contrary to the "Interim Measures" of the "people-oriented, innovation" the core concept, but also does not conform to the decentralization of national policy, and did not give sharing economy related facilities. In this regard, Zhang Zhi, President of the Institute of government law, East China University of political science and law

网约车落地应符合分享经济大势 不是压制而是借力 [摘要]日前,兰州、济南、北京等地传出将出台比《网络预约出租汽车经营服务管理暂行办法》(以下简称《暂行办法》)更严格的规制内容,比如总量控制、定价政府调节优先等,这引来了舆论的质疑。   日前,兰州、济南、北京等地传出将出台比《网络预约出租汽车经营服务管理暂行办法》(以下简称《暂行办法》)更严格的规制内容,比如总量控制、定价政府调节优先等,这引来了舆论的质疑。  近日,在“网约车政策法律研讨会”上,来自中国政法大学法治政府研究院院长王敬波、华东政法大学政府法制研究院院长章志远等业内专家,对地方政府的政策方向提出了见解。  社会矛盾不是高度管制理由  王敬波坦言,作为地方政府要理解《暂行办法》中的精神,并且把精神吃透,创新监管方式,进一步规范网约车的发展,而分享经济是大势所趋,“要全面认知分享经济的发展趋势,这是一个大的发展趋势,经济社会的发展趋势是不以任何人的意志为转移的,不以任何国家的意志为转移的,它是一个世界经济浪潮,任何人也无法预计未来向什么方向发展。”  从历史看,改革并不容易,但终究会顺应大潮。北京大学国家发展研究院经济学教授周其仁曾在此前的研讨会上,举过马车和蒸汽汽车的例子,1820年英国出现第一辆蒸汽汽车,汽车发明冲击了马车业务,引发过抗议,有的地方政府就规定汽车不能开得比马车快。  不少资料也记载,当时坐马车的人视汽车为洪水猛兽,用各种恶毒的语言妖魔化着这个新生的怪物。欧洲的报纸上曾刊登过描绘汽车爆炸场面的漫画,目的是恫吓人们不要乘坐汽车;马车铺的老板对汽车恨之入骨,常常唆使儿童向汽车扔石块;英国的一些贵族们操纵议会通过了歧视汽车的法令。在当时,不同阶级之间,也爆发了激烈的社会矛盾。  不过最后,符合社会发展趋势的才会被留下,汽车取代马车成为人类在陆地上的主要交通工具。如今,在不少地方政府对于落地政策的解读中,就存在类似于数百年前的“偏见”,王敬波说,“任何经济转型必然会引发社会矛盾,社会矛盾不应该成为高度管制的理由。”  从监管人车向运营方向转变  关于价格、关于数量、关于车型,甚至关于驾驶员的户籍,不少地方政府提前对外披露的法规都有所涉及,这违背了《暂行办法》“以人为本、鼓励创新”的核心理念,同时也不符合简政放权的国家方针,并没有给予共享经济相关的便利。  对此,华东政法大学政府法制研究院院长章志远建议称,政府监管更多的应该是借力,借助于互联网和第三方,尤其是滴滴公司这样的网络车的平台,由他们代行这样一部分权利。  对外经贸大学法学院副教授郑雅方则从另一个角度阐述,“如果把每一条都卡得很死,最后责任都要落到政府头上,但是政府的人力、物力都有限,既使赋予了政府责任,它是不是有效行使,所以每项政策的出台都要经得起历史的考验。”  那么究竟怎么管好网约车,王敬波提出要改变管制方式,即“从传统的管人、管车,向管运营行为方向转变”。  “地方政府应当只通过技术手段管运营行为,通过技术手段对整个运营行为进行全程监控,这是保证安全的最主要的手段。”王敬波说。  国家行政学院副教授王静则举了阿里巴巴的例子,称这是个很好的借鉴,“就跟淘宝一样,工商部门就是管平台,平台管商家和用户,而不是直接冲到监管一线发许可。”  中国政法大学法治政府研究院讲师林华认为,在互联网经济发展过程中所发生的问题,最终还是要通过互联网技术应对,“所以我们很多的问题,其实都可以通过互联网技术进一步发展应对,并不需要通过政府非常强势的手段直接介入到市场。”(光明网)相关的主题文章: